The aggression levels of college students was measured after listening to either a hard rock song. The Used's (2002) Maybe Memories, or an upbeat jazz song, Scott Joplin's (1899) The Entertainer. Each song was edited into the background of a neutral video of the South Dakota State University campus. After viewing the short film clip, a modified version of the Buss and Durkee's (1981) Hostility Inventory was completed. The name of the inventory was changed to "Aspects of Personality" to reduce potential bias. The results of this study do not show that hard rock music increased college students' aggression level.
"The Effects of Hard Rock Music on Aggression in College Students,"
The Journal of Undergraduate Research: Vol. 2, Article 7.
Available at: https://openprairie.sdstate.edu/jur/vol2/iss1/7