implants, bulls, performances, carcass, hormones
Angus bulls averaging 620 lb were used to study the effects of implants on performance, carcass characteristics and reproductive parameters of intact males. Sixty-six bulls were randomly assigned to four treatments. These treatments were (1) nonimplanted, (2) implanted with 36 mg of Ralgro every 60 t o 70 days, (3) implanted with 220 mg of Synovex-S every 60 t o 70 days, (4) implanted with 24 mg of Compudose every 180 days. Body weights were taken a t the initiation of the trial and every 28 days. Blood samples were collected v i a jugular venipuncture weekly for 9 weeks and then monthly for 4 months with the f i n a l sample taken a t slaughter. Blood was evaluated f o r testosterone, luteinizing hormone and growth hormone levels . Bulls were on test 217 days. Final average weight and hip height were 1142 lb and 49.6 in ., respectively. Nonimplanted bulls had the largest final scrotal circumference of 39.6 cm compared to 38.8 cm for Ralgro-, 38.6 cm for Compudose- and 37.8 cm for Synovex-implanted bulls. Implanting postweaning had little effect on average daily gain, hip height, testicular weight, testosterone, luteinizing hormone levels and sperm chromatin structure. Synovex implanted bulls had the highest growth hormone levels. Compudose- and Synovex-implanted bulls had the heaviest (PC .01) carcass weights and dressing percentage. Also, the Synovex-implanted bulls had the greatest (P<.01) fat thickness at the 12th rib and least desirable yield grade. No difference was present for longissimus muscle, and KPH fat .
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Copyright © 1986 South Dakota State University
Gordon, S.J.; Miller, H.L.; Gee, D.H.; and Petithean, B.A., "Effects of Anabolic Implants on Reproductive Function, Carcass Characteristics and Performance in Postweaned Beef Bulls" (1986). South Dakota Beef Report, 1986. 23.