Complexing Curcumin and Resveratrol in the Starch Crystalline Network Alters In Vitro Starch Digestion: Towards Developing Healthy Food Materials

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Starch is an abundant and common food ingredient capable of complexing with various bioactive compounds (BCs), including polyphenols. However, little information is available about using native starch network arrangement for the starch-BCs inclusion. Herein, two BCs, curcumin, and resveratrol, were undertaken to delineate the role of different starch crystalline types on their encapsulation efficiency. Four starches with different crystalline types, botanical sources, and amylose content were examined. The results suggest that B-type hexagonal packing is necessary to encapsulate curcumin and resveratrol successfully. The increase in XRD crystallinity while maintaining the FTIR band at 1048/1016 cm−1 suggests that BCs are likely entrapped inside the starch granule than attaching to the granule surface. A significant change in starch digestion is seen only for the B-starch complexes. Embedding BCs in the starch network and controlling starch digestion could be a cost-effective and valuable approach to designing and developing novel starch-based functional food ingredients.

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Food Chemistry



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