Thesis - University Access Only
Master of Science (MS)
Department / School
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a lifelong disability that adversely affects the quality of life for afflicted children, adolescents, and adults (Streissguth, Aase, Clarren, Romdels, LaDue, and Smith, 1992). FAS can cause both mental retardation and physical anomalies (Eliason & Williams, 1990). The plains Indian tribes in the United States have been especially affected by FAS, estimated at 10.7 per 1000 live births (May, 1982). Identifying possible predictors of mothers of children with a diagnosis of FAS or other Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD) (Indian Health Service ICD-9 Code 760.71) on a plains Indian Reservation is the first step in the process of describing high risk mothers in the population. This study specifically focused upon the possible contributing factors of physical and sexual abuse, psychiatric problems, documented alcohol use, trauma, maternal age and educational status. This study found that there were predictors within the case group of women which place them at higher risk of giving birth to an FAS or ARBD child, including increased intentional trauma and assaults, sexual abuse, psychiatric illness, documented heavy alcohol use, and increased maternal age. It is hoped that this study will lead to further research toward identifying risk factors of mothers who give birth to FAS and ARBD children and thereby aid prevention efforts to reduce their incidence.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Indian women -- Alcohol use -- Great Plains
Alcoholism in pregnancy -- Prevention
South Dakota State University
Wilson-Hutchinson, Angel, "Identifying Mothers of Children Diagnosed With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome on a Plains Indian Reservation" (1996). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 238.